Lead is a soft metal and white thick bluish gray, which becomes in contact with the air. It is characterized by a particularly high density, which makes it an effective screen against radiation and sound waves. By virtue of its availability, ease of extraction, softness and low melting point has been a widely used metal in the course of history. However, when they were recognized toxic effects changed its uses. Australia, China and the United States are the largest producers of lead. The selection of lead is formed by a combination of extraction and lead to new recycled scrap, in more or less equal percentages. MAIN USES

Batteries/ Automotive Industry

By virtue of its resistance to chemical erosion, now the lead is mainly used in the production of lead-acid batteries, used to power automobiles and other vehicles, to power electric vehicles and as emergency power when there is no electricity. While other uses of lead have been declining due to concerns about its toxicity, the demand for lead batteries has continued to grow.


High resistance to corrosion characterizes Lead, making it ideal for waterproofing buildings.

Radiation Protection

The high density of lead makes it an ideal material for labs, hospitals and the nuclear industry, where it is used as a protection against radiation.


Lead can be added to glass to create the ‘ lead crystal, with an exceptional shine, and softer and easier to cut.


Lead is used for the pipes for the transport of corrosive chemicals because of its high chemical resistance.


Lead is widely used in the production of ammunition.

THE MARKET OF LEAD Lead is treated on the London Metal Exchange (LME) since 1903. The current contract of lead was introduced in 1953. The increasingly widespread use of automobiles, especially in emerging markets such as China, is the main driver of demand for lead. The factors that affect the price of lead are:

  • Offer of scrap metal
  • Primary Production
  • Environmental regulations
  • Demand/offer